FSSAI Central License- An Overview

FSSAI is a main government organization that works for the prosperity of the majority by carrying out significant sanitation standards. Its definitive goal is to form different rules and standards to boost food handling mindfulness in India. Likewise, this foundation keeps a consistent tap on substances engaged with the inventory network of food, right from creation to selling. Purchaser mindfulness is something that FSSAI views exceptionally in a serious way. Furthermore, to that end it frequently carries out different drives and keeps the majority informed about inadequate and bad quality food sources. FSSAI figures out food handling standards and different rules considering the Sanitation and Standard Demonstration, 2006.

FSSAI Focal Permit is obtained by a FBO (Food Business Administrator) with a turnover of more than Rs. 20 Crores or is associated with sending out and bringing in food items in India.

Fundamental Duties and Functions performed by FSSAI

  • Forming Rules and Standards for sanitation and cleanliness
  • Sending off drives cross country to make food handling mindfulness among the majority
  • Allowing required food permit and enlistment to food business administrators
  • Working with proposals to GOI in illustrating new approaches
  • Carrying out headings and rules considering the FSS Act, 2006 for the elements working in the food area
  • Making legitimate moves against food organizations supposedly engaged with illegal practices like food debasement.

Businesses That Require Mandatory FSSAI License

The following types of businesses mentioned below mandatorily require the Registration of FSSAI License:

  • Restaurants
  • E-Commerce Businesses such as Online Home Kitchen
  • A business that sells Essential Food Products
  • Food Business Operators of the Indian Railways
  • Food Businesses that sell Coffee or Coffee-Based Products
  • Manufacturers of Powdered Tea
  • Food Vending Machines
  • Food Businesses that sell Herbalife-Based Products
  • Food Business Operators that Import or Export Food Products
  • Food Business Operators of the Indian Airports
  • Food Marketing Companies
  • Businesses that Export Cashews
  • Amazon Warehouses
  • Hotels
  • Supermarkets
  • E-Commerce Businesses that sell prepared food online such as Zomato, Swiggy, Uber Eats, etc.
  • E-Commerce Businesses that sell food products online
  • Online Businesses that sell packaged commodities, such as Flipkart, Amazon, etc.
  • Catering Businesses
  • Event Management Businesses
  • Colleges and other institutions that have a canteen
  • Business involved in retail, export, or import of Fisheries
  • Agricultural Products
  • Manufacturer of Packaged Products
  • Manufacturers of various types of Oil
  • Food Outlets
  • Hospitals
  • Manufacturer of Packaged Drinking Water
  • Businesses involved in the retail, export, or import of Dairy Products
  • Manufacturer of Chocolate and Chocolate-Based Products
  • Food Transporters
  • Re-Packagers
  • Milk Chilling Units
  • All types of Food Business Operators

Advantages of Getting an FSSAI Central License

Following are the advantages of obtaining a FSSAI Central License:

  • Worldwide Identity

The FSSAI License helps to establish a reputation all over the world. 

  • Business Expansion

With FSSAI Central License, extending the food business to any new location and opening new outlets is easy. It even makes it easier to get a loan or other funding 

  • Legal Advantage

FSSAI License gives a sense of security and legal right to all those who are involved in the food business. It also acts as evidence that the quality of food and the food has not been compromised to safety standards.

  • Consumer Awareness

Consumers are most alert about the quality of their food nowadays. So, the food with FSSAI License gives the businesses an advantage in a rapidly increasing consumer base.

Essential Criteria for Achieving FSSAI Central License 

FSSAI Central License is legal consent granted by FSSAI to the food businesses which have-

  • Annual turnover more than Rs 20 crores or;
  • Various units running in multiple states or;
  • Monthly or annual production more significant than the prescribed threshold limit;
  • Must have an annual turnover of more than Rs. 20 crores who wants to start a business of import/export of food items and a business for selling food items on their own ecommerce website

Special Conditions for applying to get FSSAI Central License are as follows:

  • Establishing Business of Nutraceutical and Health Supplement;
  • Transporting Business with more than 100 vehicles;
  • Running hotel with 5-star or 7 stars.

Apart from these essential criteria, FSSAI Central License also encompasses the following-

  • Dairy facilities produce milk solid with an annual production of 50000 liters or 2500 megaton
  • Processing facilities producing vegetable oil with a daily production volume of 2 MT
  • Slaughter facility with a daily capacity of : 
  1. 50 large animals;
  2. 150 small animals;
  3. 1000 poultry birds.
  • Meat processing facility has a daily production capacity of 50 KG or 150 megatons
  • Food processing facility has a daily production of 2 megaton
  • Food business shipping food articles abroad
  • Facilities having a refrigerator facility or cold storage having a storage capacity of 1000 megatons or more.
  • Wholesalers involved in the food business have a yearly turnover of more than Rs 30 crores
  • Retailers and distributors of food articles having an annual turnover of more than Rs 20 crores
  • Restaurants and eating houses having an annual turnover of INR 20 crore
  • Food catering services operating in government-based agencies
  • Food catering services in establishments working under the aegis of government include seaports, airports, etc.

Documents Needed to Protect FSSAI Central License

Following is the bullet point article of major archives expected to be submitted at the hour of use petitioning for the FSSAI Central License:

  • Form B (duly filled and signed by the applicant);
  • Floor plan of the production or processing facility, reflecting critical areas with accurate measurements;
  • In case the applicant is seeking registration for a company, a complete list of key management personnel such as name and residential proof;
  • Copy of MOA, AOA & COI is necessary (if the license seeker is a private limited company, OPC, and Public limited company);
  • A complete list of partners reflecting their name, contact detail, address, etc., along with a partnership deed copy (In case the license seeker is a partnership firm);
  • List of serving members in a co-operative society (In case the license seeker is a co-operative society);
  • Copy of a trust deed as well as the record of trustees ( if case the license seeker is a registered trust);
  • Utility bills (electricity bill, rent agreement, registry) of the business place for address proof;
  • Food Safety Management Plan (FSMS) or identical protocol in place;
  • Name & the list of machines present at the plant;
  • List of active raw material suppliers;
  • The concerned local authorities accorded no objection certificate;
  • Tourism certificate accorded by the ministry of tourism (if the license seeker is a hotel owner);
  • IEC certificate accorded by DGFT (Directorate General of Foreign Trade) (if the license seeker intended to ship food articles abroad);
  • Import Export Code (In case of Import export);
  • Declaration in case of turnover more than Rs. 20 crores.

Procedure to Achieve FSSAI Central License

Step by step processes for securing Central FSSAI License are as follows:

  • Step-1: Application Filing Via Form B

First, the license seeker is required to file form B with the licensing Authority. While doing so, the applicant has to keep basic turnover criteria in mind.

  • Step-2: Applicant Scrutiny by FSSAI Officials

Once submitted, the application accompanied by requested documents will be sent to the concerned officials for in-depth scrutiny.

  • Step-3: On site Inspection by FSSAI’s Official of the Business Place

In this step, the FSSAI will send the designated officials to the business place to determine the level of compliance recommended by FSSAI.

Any non-conformity in this regard could increase the chances of application cancellation.

  • Step-4: Approval of Application and Grant of The Application

Once the licensing Authority approves the Application, the certificate will find its way to the license seeker in a few days. After getting the certification, the business owner can commence their business operation at full throttle.

Note: Displaying the Certificate at the Business Place is Another legal Mandate for the License Holder.

Validity and the Renewal of FSSAI Central License

The Central FSSAI License comes with a flexible validity duration ranging from 1-5 years. The cost of the license would increase in accordance with the validity period. As far as the renewal is concerned, the FSSAI Central License should be renewed before the 30 days of the expiration date, or else the penalties would be levied.

The renewal process for a food license is as simple as applying for a new one. While filing the renewal application, the applicant needs to upload the following documents:

  • Passport Size photograph
  • ID Proof such as Aadhar Card, Voter ID, etc.
  • PAN Card
  • Address proof by submitting telephone bills, electricity bills, etc.
  • Copy of the Land Deed or Agreement for proof of ownership
  • In case the premises are rented, the applicant must submit the rental agreement copy and the No objection Certificate from the Landlord


Any food business that operates at a central level and has an annual turnover of more than Rs. 20 crores needs to obtain an FSSAI central license.

  1. The validity of an FSSAI central license is five years.

The process for obtaining an FSSAI central license involves submitting the necessary documents and details such as Aadhaar, PAN, and company registration documents to the FSSAI portal, along with the applicable fee.

The documents required for obtaining an FSSAI central license include a copy of the company's PAN card, a copy of the company's registration certificate, and a blueprint/layout plan of the processing unit.

Some benefits of having an FSSAI central license include compliance with food safety regulations, improved consumer confidence in the safety of the food products, and access to new markets.

No, a food business that is required to obtain an FSSAI central license cannot operate without one.

The penalty for operating without an FSSAI central license can range from Rs. 5,000 to Rs. 5 lakhs, depending on the severity of the offense.

Yes, an FSSAI central license can be suspended or cancelled if the food business is found to be violating food safety regulations or fails to comply with FSSAI requirements.

No, an FSSAI central license is not transferable and cannot be used by any other entity other than the one for which it was originally issued.

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